Biodiversity is one of the best words to describe my country Colombia. Despite that it is relatively small; Colombia is the second most biologically diverse country on Earth, home to about 10% of the world’s species. This biodiversity results from Colombia’s varied ecosystems—from the rich tropical rain forest to the dry arid desert. In order to show you this great variety of natural environments, I am going to be your tour guide through some of the most beautiful National Natural Parks of Colombia in this post. There are 53 natural areas that belong to the National Natural Parks System, here are my top six selections:
Malpelo is part of the Marine Corridor of the Tropical Pacific, together with Gorgona (also in Colombia), the Galapagos in Ecuador and Cocos Island in Costa Rica.
Malpelo is a rocky archipelago formed by the main island and eleven scattered pinnacles. The island’s bare slopes are sprinkled with white by the nesting colonies of masked boobies. The abundance and diversity of marine species in the surrounding waters is truly amazing.
The fauna of the park is as diverse as its landscapes, ranging from tropical rain forest to paramo.
Most of the area is comprised of steep mountains. The park also protects the largest tropical rain forest of the northern part of the country and a well preserved paramo. In the different environments of the park it is possible to find a great diversity of animals, from bears to monkeys to hummingbirds.
Going into the vast green thicket that covers Amacayacu Park is a unique exploration adventure.
This park is located in the Amazonian trapeze with the Amazon river on the southern border. Amacayacu is the home of the pigmy marmoset, the smallest primate in the world. It also hosts the largest fresh water turtle and the largest alligator on the planet. Ten percent of the park’s area belongs to Indian reservations.
El Cisne Visitor Center, one of Colombian highest mountain refuges, is located at 4.050 meters above sea level.
Over 4800 meters (15748 feet) above sea level, the glacier peaks of Quindío, Santa Isabel, El Cisne, El Ruiz and Tolima, conform the Natural National Park, which is the home of unique species such as the páramo hummingbird and glacier parakeets.
CORALES DEL ROSARIO AND SAN BERNARDO
Here, in the shallow crystal-clear waters, it is possible to observe the amazing world of the coral reefs.
Corales del Rosario and San Bernardo protects mainly underwater ecosystems, especially coral reefs, fragile environments inhabited by an endless number of invertebrates and fish that give it diversity, movement and colorful hues. There are also vast prairies of algae and sea grasses.
La Macarena hill range is considered by scientists all over the world to be one of the most important wildlife refuges in the planet.
La Macarena is so unique due to its isolated hill range features. In the archaeological sites on the rivers Duda and Guayabero there are petroglyphs and pictograms that belong to the pre-Columbian tribes that lived here. Here, there are over twenty species of flora and the same amount of fauna that cannot be found anywhere else in the world.