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Elections in China

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Elections in PRC are kind of complicated. It takes two forms- direct elections and indirect legislative elections. For village councils in designated rural areas, and for the local People’s Congress in all areas, we have direct elections to vote for representatives’ seats of the People’s Congress. All other levels of the People’s Congress up to the National People’s Congress, the national legislature, are indirectly elected by the People’s Congress of the level immediately below. Executive positions, including the President, the State Council and provincial governors are indirectly elected by the People’s Congress of the relevant level.


The National People’s Congress(NPC) is the highest state body and the only legislative house.The National People’s Congress is held in the Great Hall of the People, in Beijing, capital of the People’s Republic of China. The NPC gathers each year along with the People’s Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC) whose members represent various defined groups of society. NPC and CPPCC together are often called the Lianghui (Two Meetings), making important political decisions on the national level.
The NPC holds the election for the president (actually we call him “chairman” in China) every 5 years. The latest election was in 2008, when it was also the very first time I voted for the representatives of the People’s Congress of a canton in Shanghai.Then some of the representatives went to Beijing to participate in the NPC to vote for chairman. Now,our chairman is Hu Jintao, who is of course an experienced member of the Communist Party of China as everybody knows, but on the other hand just a solemn unknown man from my own impression.

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