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Las economías de México y Los Estados Unidos


As a dual citizen of both countries, my perspective is unique. Agriculture provided jobs for my parents to immigrate to the United States. The bracero program of the early 1940’s permitted one of the entry ways for men to work in this nation. The word stems from the word brazo, which means arm. Mexican men were invited to the United States to work in agriculture for a period of six months. They received permits and were encouraged to return after the holidays or after the spring time. California, Oregon, and Washington were states directly affected by this international hiring of workers. These two countries have extensive connections. Economically and otherwise, they continue to affect one another well into their southern and northern regions.

It is astounding to believe that the United States of America represents an economic superpower not previously known to woman or mankind. The state of California, if it were its own country, would represent the fifth country of economic significance on a global level. The Office of the U.S. Trade Representative’s website states that the United States of America generates 1/5 of the world’s income. Keep in mind that the U.S. represents 5% of the world’s economy. In 2013, the U.S. exports amounted to 2.2 trillion dollars, while imports accounted for 2.7 trillion. Its exports include capital goods (man-made), industrial supplies, consumer goods (cell phones, pharmaceuticals, diamonds) and automobiles. It is the writer’s point of view that the agricultural lands of this great nation represent a true wealth that has allowed the country and its people the structure on which to build upon. Top soil in the Palouse region of Washington and Idaho can run as deep as twenty feet while on the Mayan Riviera six to twelve inches is all that covers much of that area.

Kimberle Amadeo, U.S. economy expert makes note of the fact that Mexico’s economy is changing for the positive. Mexico’s number one export is manufactured goods. This country represents the 16th largest exporter in the world, 82% of its exports going to the U.S. The GDP per person is $15,600.00, higher than all other Latin American countries but Chile. Mexico manufactures and exports the same amount of goods as the rest of Latin America combined. The country produces 3 million barrels of oil daily, making it the 9th largest producer of oil in the world. In 2012, its GDP growth rate was 3.9%, the U.S. weighed in at 2.2% and Canada at 1.8%. According to the New York Times flat screens, medical devices, and aerospace parts are manufactured in Mexico and exported to the United States (Source. NYT Mexico, the New China, January 26, 2013).

In her article, “Is Mexico the New China,” Kimberle Amadeo, states that the country’s birth rate is declining and may soon be lower than the U.S. Instructing mothers in Mexico to utilize birth control began as a government campaign in 1975. The campaign itself helped lower the birth rate from an average of 7 children to 2.4 today. Mexico’s population is at about 120,000,000. For the first time in many decades, between 2000 and 2010, Mexico received 1,000,000 immigrants, ¾ of whom were Americans (Source Sept. 21 NYT, For Migrants, New Land of opportunity is Mexico). South Koreans are also moving to Mexico City in record numbers. Mexico has begun to open up its borders to immigrants, something new for the country which protected its mexicanidad.

The murder rate is down for the first time in five years. Many of you are aware of the violence and dread that has haunted the country with the Colombianización de México, as Professor Pedro García Caro points out in his narcotráfico class at the University of Oregon. The cartels of Mexico gained enormous power as Colombia was decimated as a producer and exporter of drugs by the U.S. and Colombian militaries. President Felipe Calderón of Mexico (2006-2012) vowed to horse collar the cartels. This effort has cost at least 85,000 deaths in Mexico since 2006. Simple supply and demand dictates what comes into either country, legally or not. The U.S. is the number one consumer of drugs (legal and otherwise). Exports of weapons to Mexico from the U.S. represent large sums of dollars for U.S. corporations. The economies of these two countries will forever be interconnected. Washington State’s and Colorado’s legalization of cannabis represent a 2.5 billion dollar hit to the Mexican Cartels. The cartels have begun to move on to other money making ventures such as stealing oil from the hundreds of miles of oil pipes in Veracruz. In Michoacán, the port of Lázaro Cárdenas, one of Mexico’s leading ports, is said to be involved with exporting 4.6 million tons of iron ore to China in 2013. The Cartel known as La Familia is responsible for these activities (Source AP Mexican drug cartels now make money exporting ore, Mark Stevenson, November 29, 2013).

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